3-Dimensional Probes

United Sensor 3 Dimensional Directional probes measure yaw and pitch angles of fluid flow, as well as total and static pressures and total temperature.

Each probe has five measuring holes located on its tip.  A centrally located pressure hole measures pressure P1, while two lateral pressure holes measure pressures P2 and P3.  If the probe is rotated by a Traverse Unit (Fig. 1) until P2 = P3 as indicated on a manometer or other sensitive pressure indicator, the yaw angle of flow is then indicated by the traverse unit scale (see Manual Traverse Unit ).

When the yaw angle has been determined an additional differential pressure P4 - P5 is measured by pressure holes located above and below the total pressure (P1) hole.  Pitch angle is determined by calculating (P4 - P5)/ (P1 - P2) and using the calibration curve for the individual probe (e.g. Curve A, Figs. 2 and 3).  At any particular pitch angle the velocity pressure coefficient (Pt - Ps)/ (P1 - P2) and total pressure coefficient (P1 - Pt)/ (Pt - Ps) can be read from curves B and C, while Pt - Ps and Ps can be calculated.  In the case of Type DAT probes, a half shielded thermocouple sensor at the probe tip provides total temperature measurements at the same point in the stream as fluid pressure and flow direction measurements.

Fig 1.  Typical manometer connections for
            DA or DC probes.

Fig 2.  Typical calibration of DA probe
            versus pitch angle.

Fig 3.  Typical calibration of DC probe
            versus pitch angle.

Call 603.672.0909

Calibration Services

United Sensor Corporation has two wind tunnels available for which to perform probe calibrations. More…

Contact Us

United Sensor Corporation
3 Northern Boulevard
Amherst, NH 03031.2329
Tel: 603-672-0909
Fax: 603-672-0037